BURIN & SIDE-
This multi-purpose tool was made from a blade that was struck from a prepared core, a technology that was developed several thousand years previously, during the Aurignacian period. The scraping edges of this tool was formed by pressure flaking the edges of a blade. The burin's chisel-like edge was formed by a different technique by striking the edge. Bob Patten writes, "Burins are made with a special form of tranchet flake to create a square edge. The square, chisel-like edge was a favored tool for carving wood and bone." This burin & side-end scraper was made from a very high quality piece of semi-translucent tan colored chert. It measures 2 1/4 inches (5.6 cm) long and 1/4 inch (.6 cm) thick.