This picture shows three different examples of pierced staffs from different areas of North America. The example on the left was found many years ago by Chalmer Lynch who discovered it washing out into the Ohio River at Crib Mound in southern Indiana. It is believed to date to the Archaic period. The pierced staff in the center is identified as an Eskimo arrow shaft straightener dating to sometime between 200 B.C. and A.D. 700. The pierced staff on the right was found on the Madisonville Fort Ancient site which is located 25 miles north of Cincinnati.