Most of the artifacts in these pictures were found between 1967 and 1971
during excavation of Mound 72 at the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
This site is located in Madison and St. Clair Counties in southern
Illinois. This site is believed to have been the largest prehistoric city
in North America. "Monks Mound" is located there and at 103 feet
high it's the largest ancient earthen mound in North America. Cahokia is a
Mississippian site that dates to A.D. 800 to 1500.
This picture shows a nice variety of Arrow Points, Discoidals, the 'Birdman Tablet and a Harpoon that were all found on the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
The bone Harpoon at the top center of this picture is one of many that were found during excavation of Mound 72 but this is the only complete example that survives. There are also two rare bone Cahokia points located front center and right of front center.
FROM CAHOKIA MOUNDS
This picture shows another very good selection of artifacts from the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site.
Most of the Arrow points were found during excavation of mound 72. The two bone Cahokia points and the seven bone Fishhooks are some of the most rare artifacts in this picture. Many of the Fishhooks were made from the toe bones of a deer. Unlike the artifacts made of stone, organic materials such as bone, wood, antler or shell do not survive very well, especially in open air sites. But when they do survive they are exciting to see recovered from an excavation before they deteriorate with age. The large notched artifact in the center is a St. Clair Side-Notched Hoe. It is a rarer variety of digging tool. Most Hoes or Spades from this area were unnotched.
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