The Clovis culture is presently the oldest recognized cultural tradition
in North America. Sometime before 14,000 years ago these people entered
the New World. At this time the ocean levels dropped as much as 360 feet
exposing land between Siberia and Alaska called Beringia. Approximately
2.2 billion extra acres of land was exposed along the coast line of the
United States. It's believed that many Clovis sites may lie undiscovered
on the ocean floor. When Clovis people entered this country there were
many different types of large and small animals alive then that are now
extinct. The largest group of these animals are called the megafana. The
early age of the Clovis culture has been proven over and over from many
excavated sites across the United States. Camp sites are the most
numerous. The best evidence has come from mammoth and mastodon kill sites
and cache sites.
This Clovis point cast was molded from #149 from the Fenn cache. It's
considered one of the most skillfully made Clovis points ever discovered.
This point effectively illustrates edge-to-edge or "outré passé"
percussion flaking. Modern day flintknappers have found this technique
very difficult to duplicate. This point was made of red phosphoria chert.
The source of this material is located in the northern Bighorn Mountains
in Big Horn County, Wyoming. This Clovis point measures 6 inches long.
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