The term Dalton covers a wide range of concave based lanceolate forms which usually have a slightly flaring base. They are found throughout almost all of the eastern half of the United States. This is a very early point type that is found in many different styles. These points date to the Early Archaic period approximately 9,000 to 10,500 years ago. Dalton points have consistently been found in the lower levels of Archaic deposits in caves, rock shelters and open sites. The largest numbers of Dalton points seems to have been found in Missouri, Illinois and Arkansas. These points can range in size from less than an inch to one famous example that was reported to have been 15 inches long.
This Dalton point is part of a cache of 13 similar examples found several
years ago in a cache on the Olive Branch site. It may be the best example
that was found in this cache. The early Archaic craftsman that made it was
very skilled at pressure flaking. The parallel pressure flaking he did on
this point is extremely well done. For it's size and style, this point is
the best example I have seen here at Lithic Casting Lab. All the points
found in this cache were made of white Burlington chert. This Dalton point
measures 5 1/4 inches long.
These three Dalton caches were found several years ago on the Olive Branch site in southern Illinois. The top row shows the thirteen points from which the "June cast" was found in. The center cache is made of black Pitkin chert. Notice the different style.
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